The 4 Phases Of Your Menstrual Cycle

Every menstruating woman knows exactly what is happening to her body once a month right, or does she?

I recently saw a 38-year-old client who came to see me for hormone support. We chatted about tracking her period and discussed the right days to get her hormone levels tested based on her current cycle. She nodded like, “yes, uh huh, ok cool got it”. Later that day she called me and said, “Jana, I feel a bit embarrassed and silly to say this, but I actually have no idea when day 1 of my cycle is!

If your reading this and you’re like “umm I don’t actually know much about my cycle or hormones either”, then this blog is for you girl!

There is no shame in not knowing ya hormone dets! I would go as far as saying that most of us ladies don’t, hell I know I didn’t before studying a health degree. We just weren’t taught this stuff in sex ed!

So here is a quick and easy guide on the four phases of the menstrual cycle. Refer back to this whenever you need and feel free to share with other women.

As a general rule a cycle length is between 24-35 days this is considered ‘the norm’ but we are all very unique and different so this won’t apply to all of us. But for the purpose of this blog we will use this cycle length as a general rule.

The Four Phases:

Our hormones ebb and flow a bit like the seasons, each phase has its own energy and vibe and the more you lean into this the more your understand your different energy levels and mood as you flow through each cycle month to month.

Phase 1 – Menstruation – day 1 – 7

The first phase kicks off quite literally with your period. Yes the first day that you bleed that is day 1 of your cycle, nice and easy to start tracking! The menstrual phase stops on the last day of your bleed.

Consider the menstrual phase a bit like the winter months. During this time your most likely want to stay in, get warm and cosy and reserve your energy levels. This is because hormones estrogen and progesterone are at there lowest point during your cycle, they drop off to allow the uterine lining to shred and menstruate.

Phase 2 – The Follicular Phase – days 6 – 13

The follicular phase is usually the best phase (if I do say so myself!) Think of this phase like spring time, a time of renew! Your bleed has stopped and estrogen is rising in order to get ready to release an egg. Sometimes estrogen gets a bad rap, but we must not fear estrogen, we need estrogen to ovulate. This big energy hormone makes us feel high vibing, confident, cute, social and energised. Most PMS symptoms have gone during this phase and our energy levels are flying high!

Phase 3 – Ovulation – day 14 – 21

The big O – Ovulation the main event in your cycle! This is the part of the cycle where the ovaries discharges an egg ready for sperm to come swimming in! The egg travels down the fallopian tube and either implants into the uterine lining if fertilised by that one lil gunning sperm! However, if not meet by sperm the egg is slowly dissolved and passed out of the body, along with the uterine lining.

Ovulation phase is your most fertile phase so if your looking to get pregnant, now’s your time and if your not, then now’s the time to be extra careful around unprotected sex and those gunning lil sperms!

The ovulation phase is a bit like the summer season, hormonally speaking we are usually feeling more confident and sexy.

Phase 4 – The Luteal phase

This is the phase from ovulation until the start of your next bleed. The luteal phase is more of a chilled out time. Oestrogen and testosterone drop and progesterone our anti anxiety hormone is at its highest.  

Note: during this phase is when some women can start to experience PMS symptoms (tender breasts, anxiety, heightened emotions, mood swings etc.) Although PMS is very common, it isn’t normal – but that is a topic for another day).

The luteal phase is a bit like the autumn season, our energy is starting to change to become more inwards as we prepare for menstruation.

Your Cycle:

Understanding your hormones and monthly cycle empowers you to take control of your health and happiness and allows you to have a deeper understanding of the ebbs and flows of our moods and emotions from month to month.

We are all very different and unique, if you think you may be experiencing hormonal imbalance, book in for a consultation to get to the root cause and find solutions to support you and your body. I hope you found this information helpful.

Jana Taylor – Naturopath & Medical Herbalist.

Disclaimer: This blog post is for educational purposes only. It is not designed to diagnose, treat or cure. For your individual health concerns, it is important to discuss these with a health professional.